Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N1), a strain of what is often referred to as bird flu, is responsible for a worldwide outbreak in poultry and wild birds. The current outbreak is the worst in United States history: more than 60 million birds have either died as a result of bird flu virus infection or have been culled due to exposure to infected birds.
H5N1 is considered a special pathogen, as we do not have effective medical countermeasures to prevent or treat infection. Prompt identification of a suspected case of H5N1, isolation, and supportive care measures are essential. Additionally, there may be evidence for the use of the antiviral treatment oseltamivir, which is used for other influenza A viruses.
For more information and resources, view the recent article from NETEC.